It is estimated that the palace of Knossos had 1300 to 1500 rooms. In some parts the Palace at Knossos was built up to five storeys. Even though the palace of Knossos was located on a hill, it could not have been visible from anywhere in the sea, so that it would not have been vulnerable to enemy attacks.
The Minoan Civilisation “Minoan” is the name attributed to the civilisation which arose and developed on the island of Crete during the period 2800 – 1000 BC. The term “Minoan” originates from the name “Minos”. Was “Minos” a particular ruler, or “Minos” was the title of the sovereign of the Palace of Knossos? Probably the latter is true. Apart from the palace of Knossos, there were also the palaces of Phaestos, of Malia and of Kato Zakros. Each palace was the seat of a ruler. The rulers were local chief commanders, archpriests, judges and supreme regulators of the rural and handicraft production as well as the trade of their territory. It seems that Minos, the sovereign of Knossos, was the most powerful ruler in Crete. According to historians, Minos overpowered piracy in the Aegean and built up a naval supremacy (=thalassocracy) forcing a lot of regions to pay a tributary tax to Crete.