The word “Parthenon” literally means the “Temple of the Virgin”. In the interior, the Parthenon has two chambers: in the one, there was the cult statue of Athena, and in the other one, there was the treasury of the city. In the same place, there was later transferred the treasury of the Delian League, a league which was led by the Athenians.
Successive Applications of the Acropolis Hill
- Initially, during the Neolithic Age, on the hill of the Acropolis, there was a small settlement.
- Later on, during the Mycenaean Era, the city of Athens became a kingdom analogous to other kingdoms existing in Greece at the time. On the hill of the Acropolis, there were built the city's palace and its principal temple, which was dedicated to the patroness of the city, Goddess Athena. The buildings were surrounded by an imposing wall.
- The kingdom monarchy was eventually abolished and the palace was leveled. Then, the hill of the Acropolis was converted into the religious centre of the city. There stood the most important sanctuary in Athens, hosting temples dedicated to Goddess Athena. The Mycenaean wall was preserved in order to delimit the site of the sanctuary. In the sanctuary, apart from the temples, there were statues, which were votives to Goddess Athena offered by either the city-state or some wealthy citizens. The temples and statues were decorated in colour.